The Church of the Holy Sepulchre has been known by tradition along with evidence of the centuries to stand over the locations of Golgotha, the hill of the crucifixion, and the tomb of Jesus Christ.

    The first descriptions of the location come from the Holy Gospels themselves. The specific points mentioned are that the location is located in a quarry located outside of the city walls, His body then placed within a newly rock-cut large tomb located nearby the hill of Golgotha and laid upon a rock shelf cut in the right side of the tomb. Archeology has proven that the current site fulfills all of these descriptions:
    The entire area around the church has been consistantly proven as having been used as a quarry previous to the first century. Not far from the tomb of Christ lies two additional unmodified tombs carved into the rock (this is currently known has the tomb of Joseph of Arimathea) that date from the first century.
     The quarry and tombs sat outside of the first and second walls of Jerusalem at the time of the crucifixion of Christ. The third walls, not erected until 41-44, would finally extend Jerusalem to include the area. Recent archiological finds of remnants of the second wall show that the area of the Holy Sepulchre clearly sat outside of the city walls at the time of Christ, ending speculation (primarily during the 19th century) that the area was within the walls of Jerusalem at the times of the events and therefore not the viable place.
     Historical evidence through pilgrimages to the site over the last two thousand years have given us many testimonies that the current edicule stands over a large rock-cut tomb with a bench for a body on the right side. Recent excavations using modern technology indicate that not only is it possible the current edicule (the fourth built here) may still holds parts of previous edicules erected here, but at the center of them the rock-hewn shelf and at least part of at least two of the rock walls likely still stand today underneath the cladding of the edicules.

    Within the church is located a drawing of a ship dating from before 125 with the words “Lord, we have gone” indicating pilgrimages to the site before the entire area was to be covered over in 125 with a Roman temple built by the emperor Hadrian. In 325 when this Roman structure was demolished on the order of the emperor Constantine, historian Eusibius states  " soon as the original surface of the ground, beneath the covering of earth, appeared, immediately and contrary to all expectation, the venerable and hallowed monument of our Saviour's resurrection was discovered. Then indeed did this most holy cave present a faithful similitude of his return to life, in that, after lying buried in darkness, it again emerged to light, and afforded to all who came to witness the sight, a clear and visible proof of the wonders of which that spot had once been the scene, a testimony to the resurrection of the Saviour clearer than any voice could give".*. Cyril, later Bishop of Jerusalem, also present not only lists the cave found, but also a hollowed out shelter in front of the tomb containing the stone used to seal the tomb.

     Ancient traditions and recent evidences all seem to show that the current location of the Church lies over the tomb of Christ and Golgotha. Dan Bahat, former city archeologist of Jerusalem,  states “We may not be absolutely certain that the site of the Holy Sepulchre Church is the site of Jesus’ burial, but we certainly have no other site that can lay a claim nearly as weighty, and we really have no real reason to reject the authenticity of the site”
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